Tuesday, July 8, 2008

International Court of Justice

E. International Court of Justice

It is the principal organ of the UN; composed of 15 members who are elected for a term of 9 years by absolute majority vote in the General Assembly and Security Council in separate elections, no two of whom must be nationals of the same state. They must be of high moral character and possess the qualifications required in their respective countries for appointment to their highest judicial offices.
The court decide contentious cases, render advisory opinions. Jurisdiction is based on the consent of the parties under optional jurisdiction clause of the Statute (art 360) and comprises all cases that parties have referred to it and all matters especially provided for in the Charter or in treaties and convention in force.
Advisory opinions on legal questions arising within the scope of their activities are given upon request of the General Assembly or the Security Council and other organs of the UN when authorized by the General Assembly.

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