Tuesday, July 8, 2008

Exclusive Economic Zone

Exclusive Economic Zone.

Extends up to 200 nautical miles from the low-water mark or the baselines, as the case may be. Technically, the area beyond the territorial sea is not part of the territory of the State, but the coastal State may exercise sovereign rights over economic resources of the sea, seabed, subsoil, although other States shall have freedom of navigation and over flight, to lay submarine cables and pipelines, and other lawful uses. States with overlapping exclusive economic zones are enjoined to enter into the appropriate treaty for the joint exploitation and utilization of the resources in the area. Included in the Philippines exclusive economic zone is the Scarborough Shoal, a rock formation about 135 kilometers from Iba, Zambales.

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